Waste Terminology

Backyard Composting
The act of composting at the household level using bins or piles of organic matter(yard waste, food waste).

Construction & Demolition Debris (C&D)
Waste or debris generated solely from construction, remodeling, repair or demolition operations on pavement, building or other structures.

Drop Off Recycling
A drop-off recycling program consists of designated sites where you may drop-off your separated recyclables in specially marked containers.

Enterprise Fund
A form of accounting that utilizes a separate fund or cost center for a specific purpose. Enterprise funds are generally sustained by revenues generated within that department.

Full-Cost Accounting (FCA)
Full-cost accounting of full-cost analysis determines the full-cost of providing solid waste and recycling services by recognizing all direct and indirect up-front, operating and back-end costs. Local governments in North Carolina are required annually to inform residents of the full-costs of local solid waste management.

Industrial Waste
All nonhazardous solid wastes generated by industries and manufacturing facilities. May also include small quantities of wastes generated from cafeterias, offices, or retail sales departments on the same premises.

Institutional Waste
Material originating from services offered on behalf of the public (e.g., nursing homes, jails, hospitals, schools).

Land Clearing & Inert Debris (LCID)
Waste that is generated solely through land clearing activities such as stumps, trees, limbs, brush, grass, and other naturally occurring vegetative matter.

Medical Waste
Any solid waste which is generated in the diagnosis, treatment, or immunization of human beings or animals, in research pertaining thereto, or in the production or testing of biologicals, but does not include any hazardous waste.

Municipal Solid Waste
Includes residential, commercial, and institutional nonhazardous solid wastes and designated solid waste.

Recyclable Materials
Solid waste and designated solid waste materials that are lawfully capable of being recycled and are specified as such in pertinent laws and regulations of the United States and the State of North Carolina.

The separation of a specific material from the waste stream and processing it so that it may be used again as a raw material for products or in some cases as a fuel.

Includes needles, syringes with attached needles, capillary tubes, slides and cover slips, and scalpel blades.

Swap Shop
A reuse program that allows residents to exchange or drop-off unwanted items that may be useful to other residents.

White Goods
Includes inoperative and discarded refrigerators, ranges, water heaters, freezers, and other similar domestic and commercial large appliances (e.g., washers, dryers, dishwashers, kitchen compactors, window unit air conditioners).

Yard Waste
Solid waste and designated solid waste consisting solely of vegetative matter resulting from landscape maintenance (e.g., grass, brush, leaves and non-construction natural wood debris).